I’m old enough to remember when any discussion of broadband was mostly about coaxial cable and video services provided by cable television systems. Broadband cable was a way to enrich the over-the-air broadcast service, make TV stations easily receivable and perhaps import a few distant broadcast signals. When HBO became available off the satellite for cable systems in about 1975, we knew almost instantly that this was going to be something big. BUT, even in 1975 we had the notion that probably broadband cable could provide more than entertainment television. If you had broadband wires into many homes and businesses, these cables could be used for education and a host of other applications. For example, about this time I was involved with an NSF grant that was awarded to Dr. Thomas F. Baldwin, a Professor and researcher at Michigan State University. The specific grant was to use broadband to distribute educational content, specifically designed for firemen in Rockford, IL. In short the broadband cable running to all of the fire stations could be used to train firemen on a variety of new fire fighting techniques and technologies during the down time in the firehouse. This was before the commercial Internet. Sounds a little primitive now, but everything was a little primitive before the Internet was widely available. For me, this was my first phase of broadband.